it turns out, the Swiss Cross which now resides on the modern Swiss flag
originated from the Holy Roman Empire. The flag of the Empire was a white cross
extending to the edges of a red field, and symbolized the Emperor's role as the
protector of Christianity. Most regions of Switzerland used variations of this
flag in one form or another as they gained their independence from the empire.
And, to make a very long story short, before Swiss independence was declared in
1291, and many times after that during the Middle Ages, Swiss Confederates used
many forms of the flag. It was not until fairly recent times in the late 19th
Century that the form we know today was designed. In many cases prior to that
era, the cross extended to the edges of the banners and the banners sometimes
had forms other than a rectangle or square, as in the case of the 1422
Confederate triangular banner.
for the “umbrella,” it is not an umbrella at all but a “crossbow.” It is a
symbol in Swiss history because of the importance that it played in Swiss
rebellion through the centuries. It was a chief weapon with the Swiss
Infantry and was used in countless battles through the ages.
“CH” stands for “Confoederatio Helvetica" which is the official name of
Switzerland. Translated this means “Confederation of Helvetiers.” This
reference dates back to 1291 when the people of three regions of the area pledged
to band together as “a one and only nation of brothers” against surrounding